Allopurinol Side Effects You Need to be Aware of

Gout is a condition in which too much uric acid accumulates in your body causing small crystals to form. These crystals will travel to a joint and produce inflammation and pain. The first Gout attack will usually occur in the big toe. It can happen without warning. You will suddenly feel severe pain in your toe in the middle of the night. The pain may be bearable at first, but it can quickly progress to excruciating pain.

Many individuals will go to their doctors to be treated for Gout. Your doctor will prescribe medications to help you deal with the pain of Gout. Non steroidal anti inflammatory drugs can help with the pain of Gout. If the Gout is severe, your doctor may prescribe steroids to reduce the inflammation in the joint. There are a couple of other prescriptions your doctor can give you to eliminate the Gout attack.

However, after the Gout attack has subsided, your doctor may want to put you on a medicine to prevent further attacks. The most commonly prescribed Gout medication is Allopurinol. But you must educate yourself on Allopurinol side effects before you begin this type of medication.

Allopurinol Side EffectsHow does allopurinol works?

Allopurinol for Gout works by blocking uric acid production which can prevent Gout attacks from recurring. It is also used to manage high levels of uric acid that can be caused by cancer treatments. Allopurinol may be used to treat kidney stones. This drug can also go by the brand names of Aloprim and Zyloprim. One thing you should be aware of with Allopurinol Gout treatments is that it can take several months of consistent dosing before you experience any benefits of this drug.  In fact, during the first few months of taking this medication, you may actually experience more frequent Gout attacks.

Side effects of allopurinol

Most important thing about Allopurinol that you need to be aware of is that, the drug can decrease the specific blood cells that are responsible for fighting infections. By altering your normal blood cell counts, you can bleed more profusely when injured. You will also be at a higher risk for becoming sick if you are around others who are ill. Therefore, if you have decided to take this drug for Gout, you have to be very careful who you have close contact with.

There are several allopurinol side effects that you must be aware of. Some are more serious than others. Read on to discover a list of these side effects:

Life-Threatening Side Effects That Require Emergency Medical Attention

  • Hives
  • Difficulty Breathing
  • Swelling of the face, lips, tongue or throat.

Serious Side Effects That Should be Reported to Your Doctor Immediately

  • Urinating less than normal or not urinating
  • Flu like symptoms accompanied by joint pain.
  • Bleeding upon urination that can be accompanied by pain.
  • Red skin rash with a sore throat, fever, headache and blistering and peeling of the skin.
  • Any type of skin rash
  • Muscle weakness, tingling and numbness
  • Loss of appetite and stomach pain
  • Weight loss, dark urine and yellowing of the skin or eyes.
  • Unusual bleeding from the mouth, nose, rectum or vagina.
  • Easy Bruising or small red pinpoint spots under your skin.

Mild Side Effects That Your Doctor Should be Aware of

  • Vomiting
  • Diarrhea
  • Headache
  • Drowsiness
  • Change in the way things taste
  • Muscle Pain
  • If you are on other medications, make sure you let your doctor know. Allopurinol can alter the effectiveness of other medications. If you have other health conditions such as liver disease, kidney disease, high blood pressure, congestive heart failure, diabetes, or if you are getting cancer treatments you need to let your doctor know before taking this drug.
  • Allopurinol for Gout should be taken with a full glass of water. It is also extremely important that you increase your water intake to eight glasses or more per day. This will help your kidneys filter out the uric acid.

As you can make out from the above information, there are quite a few side effects of allopurinol you need to watch out for. It may be a better idea to find an effective natural treatment that will alleviate your Gout.


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