When you have Gout, purines are your worst enemies. So what are purines? These are substances that are normally found in almost all types of cells of living things. Purines are produced naturally by the body, and they are also found in the foods we eat. The problem with purines occurs when they are broken down by the body and then converted to uric acid.
Uric acid is not a problem for individuals with a normal kidney filtration system. Most of the time, uric acid will be excreted from your body when you urinate. However, some individuals may have a problem with their kidneys, or they may have a genetic predisposition to accumulate too much uric acid. These individuals may have recurring painful Gout attacks. The best way to avoid these painful attacks is to eat a low purine diet for Gout.
Some Gout sufferers will go to the doctor to get treated for their Gout symptoms. The doctor can prescribe medications that will reduce inflammation associated with Gout. He can also prescribe medications to reduce the amount of uric acid that is produced by the body. However, you must remember that prescription medications can produce side effects. Make sure you talk with your doctor about the risks associated with these types of medications.
In addition to seeing your doctor, you must implement a low purine diet Gout program. This is the only way you will find relief from future Gout attacks. However, before you start a Gout low purine diet, it is necessary to find out what foods contain the highest levels of purines and then try to avoid these foods.
If you plan on eating a low purine diet every day of your life, then you need to mix up your food choices so you won’t become bored with your diet. Make a weekly menu for each week of the month. Make sure the foods on the menu are mixed up accordingly to form a delightful combination. When you develop a menu ahead of time, you will be more likely to stick to a low purine diet for Gout. The following section will list foods that contain purines starting with highest amounts to the lowest amounts. It is a good idea to make a copy of this list and keep it with you at all times.
Foods with highest levels of purines
- Fishes such as herring or mackerel
- Fish eggs
- Meat extracts
- Scallops and Mussels
- Yeast taken in a supplement
- Game meats
- Broth, consommé, and bouillon
- Organ meats
Foods With Moderate Levels of Purines
- Shellfish and other fish not listed in the high purine foods list
- Whole grains breads and cereals
- Green peas
- Wheat germ and bran
- Oats and oatmeal
- Poultry foods
- Dried beans, lentils and peas
- Beef, lamb, pork and other red meats
Low Levels of Purines
- Vegetables not listed above
- Nuts and peanut butter in limited quantities
- Cream soups made with low-fat milk.
- Milk: skim or 1% (limit to 24 ounces per day).
- Eggs (limit to 3 to 4 per week).
- Soups made without meat extract or broth.
- Low-fat and fat-free cheese and ice cream.
- Macaroni and pasta
- Breads and cereals
- Juices and fruits
- Cake and cookies in very limited quantity
- Sugar, syrup, and other sweets in limited quantities
- Oils and fats only in small amounts
- Tea and coffee
You can take the list of purine foods above and mix and match them for a variety in your diet. Just make sure that you do everything in moderation. This is the key to making your low purine diet for Gout successful.